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European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency

Study on the Economic Benefits of MPAs

Final Report


ISBN: 978-92-9202-378-2, DOI: 10.2826/449575
Publication date
16 July 2018
Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises


The main objective of this study was to evaluate how MPAs and SPMs provide economic benefits to blue economy sectors, to inform future debate and decisions on marine management at EU level and identify further research needs.

It specifically considered all blue economy sectors, not just those such as tourism that are commonly thought to benefit.

It thereby seeks to build on existing evidence by broadening the potential scope of economic benefits considered, and filling evidence gaps identified, by previous syntheses and analyses (e.g. Russi et al, 2016; Mangos and Claudot, 2013).

The sub-objectives were to identify evidence and critically analyse studies that:  

  • Have undertaken a full cost-benefit analysis (CBA) for MPAs and SPMs.
  • Examine how MPAs and SPMs are, or can be, sustainably used.
  •  Assess overlaps, conflicts or mutual reinforcement between blue economy sectors which are linked to MPAs and SPMs.
  • Address conflict resolution, engagement with stakeholders and governance.
  • Collate and synthesise research and known case studies about 'de facto’ refuges. 
Study on the Economic Benefits of MPAs_1


16 JULY 2018
Study on the Economic Benefits of MPAs