- ISBN 978-92-95225-29-9, PDF HZ-09-22-089-EN-N, DOI 10.2926/974797
- Publication date
- 11 April 2022
- European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD; Directive 2008/56/EC) has adopted ecosystem-based management (EBM) as a central part of its objectives (Article 1). The MSFD obliges to reach and maintain Good Environmental Status (GES).