- ISBN 978-92-95225-48-0, PDF HZ-05-22-115-EN-N, DOI 10.2926/869813
- Publication date
- 9 August 2022
- European Climate, Infrastructure and Environment Executive Agency
Recently there has been progress toward improving exploitation rates on fish stocks through EU regulations and fishery management policy. However, some stocks have not responded as expected to management action and their conservation status remains a concern. For such stocks a better understanding of the interaction between fisheries, the ecosystem and the environment is needed. Cod (Gadus morhua) in the Irish Sea (ICES Division 7a) is an example of such a stock with a fundamental need to better understand the factors that have an influence on the population dynamics.